Recently I did a little discussion with colleagues Suga Ibi and Samoke on a vacant land Ibi Suga fish has, where there was a large enough size pond approximately 15×5 meters on the back of the land. The day was not hot, overcast by shadow of clouds, under a tent with a chair that Samoke called ‘failed product’, which I think is cool … (only need a second touch again Sam:). What to talk about this time is the meaning of ‘space’ from the perspective of an architect, since the three of us are practitioners, so we have a dialogue in the domain of architect practitioners. In this writing, I try to add a few other views from the academic world to be more complete.
MY OPINION OF UNDERSTANDING RELATION associated with several SPACE defined by PHILOSOPHERs
“Space” is something that is always associated with the architecture. If you are an architect, then the meaning of space is among the most important thing in the design process, until a building come true. Because we are basically related to ‘space’ when speaking of architecture.
Philosopher Leibniz says that space is an object relationship with other objects, so as to create a connection. Individual objects without relationship with other objects can not be said to have a space. At least as an object with a real material that is not only measure of dimensions, it must have a relationship with other objects and thus can be said having a parameter for space (hopefully my opinion does not misinterpret Leibniz).
More recent philosopher Emmanuel Kant said that space is not a connection between objects, but is a systematic concept to explain the experience (experiences) through objective observation. While
Einstein’s theory of physics is taking the theory of relativity in which space and time are inseparable, in which relations between objects is relative, related to the movement (we are basically moving in the cosmic).
In the context of architecture, those three opinions above can be described as follows:
- Leibniz: Space is something that caused by relationships between objects. For example, I am in this room, because I am as an entity, has a relationship with the space as two different objects.
- Kant: Space is a systematic concept that was created in our minds to explain the perception received by sensory sensations with other matters relating to us as subjects. For example: What do I feel about this space will be different with you, because I have a different concept of space to explain than your concept of space.
- Einstein: space caused by the movement of objects where the concept is in relative nature, which resulted in differences in time experienced by each object. For example: What I feel in this room, will be different from what you feel, because each of us moving in different space systems and different time.
When reading through my understanding of the opinions by several philosophers above, then we can conclude that space is always different for everyone, or every human being who is therein. When I am in Hall A, and you also are in Hall A, what we experience is entirely different. In this case, understanding more complex spaces can be described by Einstein’s relativity theory. But, an architect is not a physicist, but one who demonstrated in a parody of life, how to make the philosophy of space becomes evident in architectural design.
Ruang terbuka lahan kosong Suga Ibi dengan kolam dan tenda biru sederhananya, serta kursi-kursi desain Samoke
Ruang yang terjadi, akibat selembar plastik biru yang membentuk sedikit pengatapan yang terlihat rapuh, dan menyandarkan diri pada realitas yang jauh lebih besar dalam ruang publik kota (Space occurs, due to a blue plastic sheet that forms a visible fragile roofing, and leaned back in reality much greater in the public space of the city.)
IN MY CONVERSATION, ME, SAMOKE and SUGA IBI
In the world of architecture, space is identified as an awareness of local conditions surrounding the user. In this conversation, we started to peel about what is space, which is very important in architecture. Space can mean many things, space in the context of house rooms, hall space, meeting rooms, a green open space, or maybe not real space, such as inner space, space of thought, and so on. In this talk, we want to express, at least through the words, the definition of space.
Neither I, and Suga Ibi and Samoke start making initial definition of the space.
Spatial definition is “what can we feel the limits of our senses, sense of taste, sight, sense of hearing and so on. In the example we’re feeling right now, we could hear birds singing, which complements a room. Was it a space high, low, short, or whatever it does not matter. For example: space can not measure, but with a ‘feel’ through the limits of our reasoning, we know no such thing as ‘space’ space.
In the context of the larger city space, land space, and other spaces. The room was in the end is a limit. When we think of space in the house, the rooms of room. But once we think about the urban planning space, for example, then we think about the larger space, and so on. The resulting space can be perceived as a sensation of space is expected, physically and psychologically, in a small space scale and a larger space such as city hall. Space felt by the architect could be defined more as a safe, comfortable space. This is different from space in literature, art, economics, and so on.
It is the task of architects to create a space that feels like. Do we feel pressured by the presence of a space, or space can be made or designed so that it was open, and so on.
“Space is something that can be filled”. Architecture is the art which can be realized (dimensionless). A space in architecture produced by the architect, could not just born without an understanding of space and other elements associated with it. Call it the other elements like social conditions, economic or psychological in the relationships between the individuals involved and between individuals and the environment.
Before designing, architects should have the imagination and knowledge of space, both imaginary and the space where the architecture changes due to happen. Architect must concoct a space in advance by means of experience gained from the senses to produce a more ideal space. This is done in the design process through a process to sketch, draw and make models. A model is a replica of the space in a smaller form, and more representative of space we want to create, because the model is in the same dimension that we are feeling right now (not just pictures).
Relationship with nature is important, because nature, have the impression of the un-predictable (not controlled), whereas the architecture was created to be the ‘predictable’ (controlled). This is human nature to defend territory or space limitations by creating boundaries that can be mastered, in other words: being ‘set’.
If we are too free the nature to surprise us with impressions of space which is too wild, the architectural space that should be ‘predictable’ will not be secures room (safe), because we as humans are biologically need to limit our space from variety of natural disturbances. The ideal level of a space finally determined by the initial idea of the imagination, and the results are attempted to be in architecture produced by the architect. This is determined by knowledge and how to implement a design concept which is owned by the architect based on their missions to a project.
“Space is the dimension of the atmosphere within the limit of our reach”, that’s logic. “Something caught, through our senses”. Space is the limit, whether it is big or small, is the extent we see. We know space, when he heard, echoing, as what could be captured by our senses. In architecture, we define space through architecture. For example ATM room was small but it is cool, or a large hall space, but felt scary for claustrophobic.
After we practice as an architect, then our understanding will be deeper, no longer like when we are dealing with paper and pen in the academic world. It reminds us that the current architectural education is always struggling in space as the ‘form’, not the space with the ‘scale’. The tradition of fantasy into the living room should be accompanied by a fictitious academic language clausality of nature. If properly taught, scale should be taught about the timeless. When taught about concrete, it must be taught the concave.
Penehgahnya adalah tingkat rekaan sosial, yaitu sejauh mana secara individual calon arsitek maupun arsitek memiliki rekaan sosial yang bisa diwujudkan dalam desain. Sejauh mana ia memiliki pengetahuan tentang kondisi sosial disekitarnya. Artinya, ruang dalam arsitektur lebih luas saat kita berpraktek. Menurut pak Eko Prawoto, disinilah peran arsitek dalam menghasilkan rancangan arsitektur, seperti memperhatikan arsitektur tropis. Seharusnya arsitektur tropis itu lebih banyak ruang luarnya daripada ruang dalamnya.
Misalnya, sebuah ruang yang kita tempati untuk berbincang saat ini (tanah kosong milik Suga Ibi), bisa membuat kita melakukan sesuatu secara terus menerus karena kondisinya yang tidak mengekang, tidak membuat kita pasif dalam duduk diam, atau tidur, atau tidak melakukan apapun. Wujudnya bisa ruang komunal, ruang genial (ruang yang menghidupkan). Sayangnya saat ini, tidak banyak lagi ruang alun alun, atau jalan yang menampung konsep konsep ruang genial. Ruang genial selalu membangkitkan orang untuk beraktivitas, secara sosial dan saling mendukung.
The middle understanding is the level of social invention, namely the extent to which an individual prospective architects and architects have a social invention that can be realized in the design. To what extent he has the knowledge about the social conditions around it. That is, space within the broader architecture when we practice. According to Eko Prawoto, this is where the role of architects in architectural design to produce, such as to implement tropical architecture. Tropical architecture that cares about space than the form outside it.
For example, a space that we are talking in right now (vacant land owned by Suga Ibi), can make us do something continuously because the condition is not reined in, not make us passive in sitting still, or sleep, or do not do anything. The form could be communal space, genial space. Unfortunately today, not much more social space, or the way the concept of space to accommodate the concept of Genial space. Genial space always aroused people to be active, socially and support each other.
Samoke’s terminology: Space imagination and invention of space
Fantasy space is space that is ‘imaginary’ used by the designer (in the designer’s imagination), then starting in the invention (architecturally born into the world) as a sketch. Space we dream, to get to the invention is an applied art. Differences between architects and artists is a dimension that can be realized.
Thought Space and imaginary space becomes more important, because it was the beginning of an idealism. For example there is an architect wants to create architectural spaces such as MIRR station, then to create an architecture like that we need a prefix of the space, before realizing in the invention.
Architect should be to find the ideal imaginary space when he was living in imagination and invention were able to absorb the maximum extent possible for design locations that will be made. designing a space. Means; an architect will be better in the design, when he knew the location where the work conditions of the architecture will be built. Strength fictitious sense of space that determines the success or failure of a space into an ideal fictitious space.
Space, as one of the most influential dimension in architecture, is very different in the context of art that can be realized, when compared with the concept of space according to the mathematics and philosophy. To create a space to have more meaning than a 3x4m box, with the ceiling and floor, is a task of the architect … Maybe more than that …. creation of inner space which occurred in a patient, the user of our design.
In the context of each view may be different practitioners, as happened in my view, Suga, and Samoke. Although in principle lead to a conclusion that is not much different. Perhaps this is because we have different thinking space, and space for a (time) is different.
by Probo Hindarto
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